MOVING INDIA TOWARDS SANITATION FOR ALL
MISAAL emphasizes mapping, measurement and monitoring of sanitation service delivery and infrastructure to achieve and sustain open defecation free (ODF) cities. MISAAL is supporting local governments to address ODF sustenance challenges including
- Last mile gaps in WASH services, especially in slums and slum-like settlements
- Limited community participation
- Absence of robust service delivery performance measurement and monitoring mechanisms
- Lack of interdepartmental coordination
- Limited public awareness efforts towards sustainable WASH
UMC along with local government conducted ‘sanitation mapping’ which provided an ecosystem to capture, collate, analyse and represent data using GIS, from primary surveys of around 30,000 households spread over 223 slum settlements across 4 cities in India. Sanitation mapping has geocoded each household with data from our primary survey including demographics, user behaviour, WASH service delivery and citizen feedback on the quality of WASH services provided to them. This rich spatial dataset enables local governments to undertake spatial analysis, data driven planning, operational decision making, interdepartmental coordination and participatory community engagement.
To put Sanitation Mapping into practice, we are creating and enabling community groups called MISAAL Settlement Committees (MSC) – a residents’ welfare association (RWA) equivalent of slum settlements. The MSC are enabled to prepare their own Settlement Improvement Plans (SIP), where communities prepare a map of their settlements, diagnose civic issues, identify stakeholders, and draw an action plan to undertake the improvements. Behavior change communication (BCC) is pivotal to ODF sustenance. UMC has developed simple tools that enables community led “learning by doing” to drive behavior change communication. The MSC are trained and capacitated to use these tools which brings about participatory platforms for conducting BCC for ODF sustenance.