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Urban Mobility

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Urban Mobility

Urban settings are among the most complex landscapes juggling between increase in the number of vehicles on road everyday and maintaining burdened public transportation system. Envisioning city applying sustainable transportation principles is crucial to overcome burgeoning air quality crisis and spearing towards economic growth.

UMC understands the ever evolving need for development concomitantly supporting ULBs to incorporate emerging sustainable practices.

Training Needs Assessment of City Managers in Urban Transport in Gujarat

 

Client: Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation, Climate Works Foundation

Location: Gujarat

Duration: June 2013

Rapidly growing cities and increasing economic activities in urban areas have exacerbated issues in urban transportation. A majority of cities in India face the challenges of providing integrated urban transportation. These problems could be mostly attributed to inadequate transport infrastructure and its sub-optimal use, no integration of land use and transport planning, and few improvements in city bus service. Most such problems arise due to complex institutional arrangements, insufficient finances to create infrastructure, and inadequacies in ULBs. In view of these issues, the Government of India approved the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) in April 2006. The JNNURM has also been supporting transportation sector-linked investments in the areas of bus, rail, and related infrastructure. City governments’ capacity to undertake the responsibility of providing appropriate urban transport needed assessment. With this objective in mind, UMC, with financial support from Climate Works Foundation and Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation, assessed the capacity of city governments in Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh to understand, plan, operate and manage sustainable urban transportation systems.

Challenges in urban transport in smaller cities in Gujarat were identified as follows: 

null Increasing demand for transport due to increasing urban area.
null Increasing car & two-wheeler ownership.
null Auto oriented transport solutions such as road widening and flyovers are more popular
null Inadequate investment in public transport.
null Rise in congestion, pollution, and consumption of fossil fuels.
null Current public transport options are unsafe, unreliable, and unaffordable for a large sector of the population.
null Lack of integrated planning/coordination between various agencies.

The objective of the study was to assess the gap in the capacities of senior and middle management staff in Municipal Corporations and Development Authorities to plan, operate, and manage sustainable urban transport systems. Strengthening urban local governments by capacity-building and better financial management was identified as a key strategy for urban development in the Government of India’s 11th five-year plan. The plan identified the lack

of skilled manpower as one of the key concerns in urban development and recommends capacity-building programs to address capacity gaps in urban local bodies. Phase I of JNNURM launched in 65 cities in India also clearly highlighted the need for long-term capacity-building support to the cities in the successful implementation of projects. Training Needs Assessment was the first step in the establishment of a comprehensive training and capacity development program for cities in Gujarat in the area of sustainable urban transport.

Once various departments involved in the planning and implementation of urban transport in Gujarat were identified, a gap analysis was conducted to assess how successful a particular authority/ department has been in implementing sustainable transport projects and policy reforms that are within its domain. The gap analysis was primarily conducted based on a review of existing documents, field visits, interviews with administrative and technical staff, and UMC’s understanding of sustainable transport. 

Related Resource Documents 

For more information contact us at info@umcasia.org 

Training Needs Assessment of City Managers In Sustainable Urban Transportation

 

Client: Shakti Foundation, Climate Works Foundation

Location: Gujarat & Tamil Nadu

Duration: January 2012- September 2012

 

Due to rapidly growing cities across India, underpricing of hydrocarbon fuel and increasing economic activities in urban areas has exacerbated the issues in urban transportation and roads. The high powered expert committee (HPEC) on Indian urban infrastructure states that “the highly inadequate and poor quality of the public transport system in Indian cities not only poses a major challenge to realizing the growth potential of the economy but also has an adverse impact on the health and wellbeing of the people”. In view of these issues, the Government of India approved the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) in April 2006. The JnNURM has also been supporting the transportation sector linked investments in the areas of bus, rail, and related infrastructure. The objective of transportation TNA is to assess the capacity of the senior and middle management staff of ULBs to understand, plan, operate and manage sustainable urban transportation systems in two of the most urbanized states of Gujarat and Tamil Nadu

UMC’s experience has led to conclude that capacity enhancement involves more than strengthening of individual skills and abilities. Trained individuals need an appropriate environment, and the proper mix of opportunities and incentives to use their acquired knowledge. The first two of transportation TNA were facilitated through a series of interviews (with CEOs, mayors, and municipal commissioners), focus group discussions with standing committee members, SWOT workshops with selected officials of the ULBs. The institutional assessment was facilitated across the ten ULBs with key interviews with officials responsible for capacity building followed by self-assessments by Heads of Department’s (HOD) of relevant departments.

UMC conducted documentary research of internal institution reports, annual reports, organization and staffing charts of the 10 ULBs.

UMC had discussions with respective state-level nodal agencies (GUDM and TNUFIDCO) as well as the Ministry of Urban Development, JnNURM cell, and IUT to gain their perspectives on the needs for training needs assessment.

UMC organized research on the City Development Plans prepared by these ULBs and the memorandum of agreement signed by these ULBs with the MOUD, Govt. of India for an insight into the extent of transportation projects being undertaken by the ULBs under JNNURM, reforms implementation timeline.

UMC, in consensus with ULBs, organized a detailed discussion with senior officials/department heads and middle management officials from these ULBs. Tools used for the needs assessment exercise: 

SWOT analysis - help the organizations to appreciate the strengths of a situation, define the weaknesses, make the most of the opportunities that present themselves, and recognize the possible threats and treat them in a planned and organized way.

Key informant interviews with the municipal commissioner, key municipal staff engaged in JNNURM activities, and administration of the ULBs. 

Interviews and discussions with selected officials of the ULBs and with officials in-charge of training within ULBs.

Preparation of detailed individual capacity questionnaire.

Systems Capacity Assessment: In a public domain project, the importance of systems cannot be overemphasized as systems create an institutionalized response and create an institutional identity with cost-effectiveness. It also provides a smooth continuation of response in times of leadership change, transfers, induction of new people in the organization which are not infrequent in urban sector institutions.

UMC benchmarked institutions, functions, and departments over various systems through an institutional capacity tool which will be self-assessed by ULBs.

 

For more information contact us at info@umcasia.org 

URBAN MOBILITY PROJECTS

 

Training Needs Assessment of City Managers in Urban Transport in Gujarat

Training Needs Assessment of City Managers In Sustainable Urban Transportation