DAY-NULM & SBM convergence
The Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY – NULM) of the MoHUA aims to reduce poverty and vulnerability of the urban poor households. The Mission builds strong grassroots institutions of the poor, facilitates access to self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities, resulting in an appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis.
There is a need for convergence between the SBM-U and DAY-NULM to improve the quality of life of marginalised groups. This requires improving the entire sanitation value chain which includes collection/emptying, transportation, processing/treatment, and reuse/disposal. There is also a need to create an institutional framework for jobs as well as to create a skills ecosystem for the sanitation and waste management sector.
One of the key objectives of the SBM-U is to eliminate manual scavenging. The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act 2013 also provides assistance and measures for rehabilitation of people engaged in the work. Progressive rehabilitation of those dependent on scavenging/ unsafe sanitation work has to be planned simultaneously, through skill development programmes; recognising them and offering safer employment avenues so that they get suitably rehabilitated.
This guidance note suggests framework and models to converge efforts under DAY-NULM and SBM-(U), through promoting livelihoods options for women’s Self-Help Groups (SHGs), informal workers, and other marginalized communities. These livelihoods opportunities exist along the sanitation and waste management value chains, such as collection and transportation of waste, processing and converting municipal solid waste to wealth (value added by-products), operation & maintenance of sanitation facilities, as well as management of resource centres under the ambit of SBM-U.
This note is meant for state governments and urban local bodies (ULBs) to adapt these models as per their local contexts. The next section details how the components of DAY-NULM i.e. Social Mobilization and Institutional Development (SMID), Employment through Skill Training & Placement (ESTP), and the Self Employment Program (SEP), can be dovetailed to upgrade and promote sanitation and waste management sector livelihoods.
The indicative financials for each of the convergence models are provided in Annexes. These models aim to increase income levels of SHG members and other marginalised groups, and also lead to higher aspirations among those who are currently working in the sanitation and waste management sectors. The guidance note outlines how infrastructure and operational structures specific to each of the two missions may be utilised to achieve dual objectives.